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What Are The Functions Of Heart And Artificial Heart?

We can define the heart as a pump consisting of muscle and providing blood circulation in the body. We can also call the artificial heart as a device that allows the circulation to continue by replacing the heart.  

In Which Conditions Is Artificial Heart implanted?

The right or left side of the heart may lose its function due to Heart muscle diseases, heart attack, or different reasons. In such cases, it is necessary to implant a heart transplant or artificial heart pump. The reasons for implanting the artificial heart are;
Bridging to the heart transplant: In our country, organ donation is very low and the number of patients waiting for a heart is high, so we prefer to implant artificial heart in cases where patients’ health condition worsens and they cannot wait until the heart transplant. 
Bridging to recovery: In some diseases such as myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle due to viruses), we can prefer the artificial heart because of sudden disruption in the heart muscle. In some cases, when the patient's heart heals, we remove the device. 
Insertion during decision making: While we are working on the patient's compliance with the heart transplant, we implant artificial heart to decide what to do in the future when deterioration is seen in the general condition.  
Outcome treatment: In cases whom are not compliant with heart transplantation or very challenging to find a donor, we use it as an outcome treatment. Patient has to live the rest of his/her life with the artificial heart. 

What Happens Next After Artificial Heart Implantation?

Artificial heart operation takes about 2-3 hours. However, ICU is vital after the operation. This stage should be closely monitored and compliance with heart pump be observed. If the operation goes flawlessly, patient stays in hospital for 10 more days and then discharged.

Is artificial heart operation done in every hospital?

Artificial heart operations such as heart transplants are also carried out in a limited number of centers licensed by the state.